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Full text of "Mathura A District Memoir"

THE TOWN  OF BRISD.<-BAN  QUITE MGDEEN.                          187
titles, as given by the same authority (Brah. "VaL, v. iv* 17), there are three
which refer to her predilection for Brinda-ban :
Rddhd, Rdsesvari, Rdftavasini, JRdsikesvari,
JCri^Jtna-pranddkikd, Kriskjia-priyd, Krishna-swartipinij
Krishna, Vrindduani, Vmndd, Vrinddvana-rinodini,
CJtanddvati, Chdndra-kdntd, Sata-cJumdra~nibhdnandy
JKmsJmQ- vdmdnfia-sam'bhtitd} Pafamdnanda-ntpini.^
In the Padina Parana, Radha's incarnation is explained in somewhat differ*
ent fashion; that Yishnu being enamoured of Yrindsu the wife of Jalandhara,
the gods, in their desire to cure him of his guilty passion, begged of Lakshmi
the gift of certain seeds. These, when sown, came up as the tulsi, mdlati and
dhdtri plants, which assumed female forms of such beauty that Vishnu on seeing
them lost all regard for the former object of his affections.
' There is no reason to suppose that Brinda-ban was ever the seat of any-
large Buddhist establishment ;and though from the very earliest period of Brah-
manical history it lias enjoyed high repute as a sac-red place of pilgrimages it
is probable that for many centuries it was merely a wild uninhabited jungle, a
description still applicable to Bliandir-bari5 on the opposite side of the river, a
spot of equal celebrity in Sanskrit literature. Its most ancient temples, four
in number, take us back only to the reign of our own Queen Elizabeth; the
stately courts that adorn the river bank and attest the wealth and magnificence .
of the Bharat-pur Bajas3 date only from the middle of last century; while the
space now occupied by a series of the largest and most magnificent shrines ever
erected in Upper India was, fifty years ago, an unclaimed belt of wood-land and
pasture-ground for cattle. Nov that communication has been established with
the remotest parts of India, every year sees some splendid addition made to
the artistic treasures of the town ; as wealthy devotees recognize in the stability
and tolerance of British rule am assurance that their pious donations will be
completed in peace and remain undisturbed in perpetuity.
"When Father TiefFentfaaler visited Brinda-ban, in 1754, he noticed only one
long street, but states that this was adorned with handsome3 not to say magnifi-
centj buildings of beautifully carved stone, which had been erected by different
Hindu Rajas and nobles, either for mere display, or as occasional residences, or
as embellishments that would be acceptable to the local divinity. The absurdity
* ** RIdha, qtteen of the dance, constant at the dance, queen of tbe dancer; dearer thaa
Krishna's life, Kriah-aa/3 delight, Krishna's counter-part; Krishna, Brlnda, Brinda-ban bornt
sporting at Brinda-ban -, mca-like s|souse of the mooa-lifce god, with face bright as a hundred
; created u the left half of Kriilraa's body, incarnation of hearcnly bliss,"